Steps by the Government for Strict Implementation of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act

Press Information Bureau
Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

13-December-2013 18:40 IST
Steps by the Government for Strict Implementation of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act

 

The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act recognizes the importance of providing safe, affordable, accessible and acceptable abortion services to women who need to terminate an unwanted pregnancy and legalizes abortion on therapeutic, eugenic, humanitarian or social grounds. It also aims to regulate and ensure access to safe abortion care and also defines ‘when’, ‘where’ and ‘by whom’ abortion can be performed.  

 

The Act, Rules, Regulations were amended in 2002-03 to facilitate better implementation and increase access for women especially in the private health sector. Some of the key amendments to the Act/Rules are:  <bR><br>

  • Power for approval and certification of MTP Centres  delegated   from  the State level to a District Level Committee headed by the District CMO;  
  • Specific punitive measures for MTPs performed by unqualified persons not certified as RMPs under the Act, in places not approved under the Act and the owner of such places;
  • Bifurcation of facility requirements for 1st Trimester (up to 12 weeks) and 2nd Trimester (12-20 weeks) MTPs;  
  • Recognition of Medical Abortion as a method for termination of pregnancy up to 49 days of amenorrhea.

Following are some of the major steps taken by the Government for strict implementation of the Act:

  • ·Dissemination of Comprehensive Abortion Care –Service Delivery and Training Guidelines to States.
  • Provision of comprehensive safe abortion services at public health facilities.
  • Funds provided to States/UTs for operationalisation of safe abortion services at health facilities including procurement of equipments and drugs for medical abortion.
  • Capacity Building of Medical officers in safe MTP Techniques and of other field functionaries to provide confidential counselling for MTP and promote post-abortion care including adoption of contraception. 
  • Certification and regulation of private and NGO sector facilities through District level committees to provide quality MTP services and ensure monitoring of records of abortions performed in the public sector facilities
  • Regular monitoring of Comprehensive Abortion Centre (CAC) services and implementation of the MTP Act by the States/UTs.
  • Counselling tips on CAC have been included in the RMNCH Counsellors handbook and the ASHA training modules
  • IEC/BCC material related to print media has been disseminated to the States/UTs

 

The Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994 prohibits sex selection tests, as it is found that sex selection tests are conducted for female foeticide. With a view to strict compliance of the provisions of the Act, regular inspections of the ultrasound clinics, genetic clinics, imaging centres etc are being conducted by various District Appropriate Authorities, State Inspection Monitoring Committees under various State and UT Governments and also by National Inspection Monitoring Committee on behalf of the Govt. of India. Investigations are also made on the basis of complaints received from the public. Due to concerted efforts made in this direction, a total number of 1095 cases are filed during last three years and current year for violations of PC & PNDT Act in different Courts in the country. 

 

State/UT-wise details thereof for each of the last three years and the current year so far, are as follows:

 

State/UT-wise details of court cases filed for violations of PC & PNDT Act, 1994 during each of the last three years and current year

S. No.

States/ UTs

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14*

1

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

2

4

1

2

Himachal Pradesh

0

0

0

0

0

3

Punjab

1

7

26

2

1

4

Chandigarh

0

1

1

0

1

5

Uttarakhand

0

0

0

0

7

6

Haryana

5

6

12

4

8

7

Delhi

2

2

1

0

1

8

Rajasthan

12

106

60

0

288

9

Uttar Pradesh

0

2

2

1

0

10

Bihar

0

0

0

0

0

11

Sikkim

0

0

0

0

0

12

Arunachal Pradesh

0

0

0

0

0

13

Nagaland

0

0

0

0

0

14

Manipur

0

0

0

0

0

15

Mizoram

0

0

0

0

0

16

Tripura

0

0

0

0

0

17

Meghalaya

0

0

0

0

0

18

Assam

0

0

0

2

1

19

West Bengal

0

0

0

1

0

20

Jharkhand

0

0

0

18

1

21

Odisha

0

0

20

13

2

22

Chhattisgarh

0

0

5

0

0

23

Madhya Pradesh

0

11

13

0

0

24

Gujarat

0

0

0

18

0

25

Daman & Diu

0

0

0

0

0

26

D & N Haveli

0

0

0

0

0

27

Maharashtra

9

20

137

210

0

28

Andhra Pradesh

0

0

0

0

26

29

Karnataka

0

2

0

0

0

30

Goa

0

0

0

11

9

31

Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

0

32

Kerala

0

0

0

0

0

33

Tamil Nadu

0

0

0

0

0

34

Puducherry

0

0

0

0

0

35

A & N Islands

0

0

0

0

0

Total

29

157

279

284

346

*Up to Sept. 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government of India, in order to make the law more stringent, has amended various provisions of PC&PNDT Rules, 1996 pertaining to sealing, seizure and confiscation of unregistered ultra-sound machines and punishment against unregistered clinics, regulation of use of portable ultrasound machine only within the registered premises besides restricting medical practitioners to conduct ultrasonography at maximum of two ultrasound clinics within a district. Recently, on 18.05.2013, the Union Health Minister requested all the Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors/ Administrators of UTs, to ensure effective implementation of the provisions of the Act. The Union Health Secretary has also urged the Chief Secretaries and Secretaries (Health & FW) of all States/ UTs, to establish mechanism for monitoring and to take deterrent follow up action for effective implementation of the PC & PNDT Act. In response to these initiatives, State/UT Governments while reaffirming commitment towards strict enforcement of the provisions of the Act, have taken a number of initiatives in this direction.

Within the legal framework of MTP Act, documentation of all termination of pregnancy has been prescribed.

 

This was stated by Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare in a written reply to the Lok Sabha today.

 

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Author: savedaughters19

This is a coverage of my struggles to save my daughters.I am thank full to my parents not only for Not killing me ,but also helping me save my daughters... My dream- A big shelter house for women who want to give birth to their daughters and raise them up with dignity and self respect , but have to fight their own families to do so. Will have medical facilities and facilities for legal aid. will have training centers for vocational courses so that they can stand up on their own two feet and stop the dependency on their husbands for finances, A child care center run and managed by the inmates, A kitchen and a vegetable farm run and managed by the inmates. At present only a dream.... But with grace of God will become a reality. God will show the way and means to achieve the dream.

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