Mass abortions and girls who have to die – that’s the downside of the Asian economic boom. (ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY GOOGLE TRANSLATE OF Indien-China-Geschlechtermord)
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Indian schoolboy in front of a display panel in New Delhi, which promotes the birth of girl
One day you will give Meetu Khurana perhaps the Nobel Peace Prize. It is the first Indian woman who has shown her own husband to court because he wanted to kill their unborn daughters. And she wants to draw attention of the world to a disaster, in the shadow of the Asian economic boom runs its course: a mass murder of gender economic calculus.
A drama that leaves every year, the millions of unborn girls in the hospital waste and makes an unknown number of infants and young children to murder victims of their own families.
Meetu Khurana is a doctor at a clinic in Delhi. Your twins are now six years old and doing well. Eight years ago she had married into a wealthy family Delhier. Her husband was a doctor, and understood them well for a while. But when her pregnancy announced, Khurana began a horror trip. The family of her husband wanted a son as heir. Khurana did not want to know if she was a girl or a boy in the abdomen, especially in India, the law forbids it, determine the sex during pregnancy. As a modern, professional woman she just wanted a child.
Her husband and her mother during her pregnancy egg mixed into their food. She knew that she is allergic to. So they created a reason for the prospective mother to carry to the gynecologist. The doctor then determined on this occasion, against the wishes of the mother that her twin daughters was in the belly. Presumably he pocketed for this breach of the law – like thousands of doctors in India and China, which today commit the same crime every day – a decent bribe.
For the time Khurana then began their “torture weeks.” She was locked in her room. She got the house to eat is no longer sufficient. Daily and talked her mother, a former school principal, one of them. “You have to kill them both, or at least,” she urged. “Will you let me now take off a hand or two?” Said Khurana. Several times, the husband threw her down the stairs to initiate a miscarriage. The family threatened to drown the twins after the birth. So it was done, the sister of the mother with an unwanted daughter in the past. Khurana was weak, malnourished and plagued her pregnancy. But in time she realized that she was living in a family of criminals – and saved himself.
Only very few women in similar situations usually succeeds this-that they feel the new family of the husband comes and obey.
Khurana but fled back to her parents and gave birth to two daughters. Two years later she filed a complaint – not without opposition from the authorities. “Where is your problem? Make your husband just a son, ‘said the Police Commissioner, who recorded their display.Shortly thereafter, the commissioner called in to her mother, both women and Khurana, of which the police know that they have problems with the husband would often raped, he warned. A judge suggested a comparison should get the equivalent of 150,000 euros if they were to withdraw the ad. Another judge granted visitation rights to her husband for the children. “The look at me the criminals, not in it,” Khurana said to himself. But she persevered. She thought: “If an educated woman like me, have to withstand a doctor, not the pressure, then who”
Khurana received support after the birth of their parents and a non-governmental organization. But many relatives, colleagues and friends turned away. For four years she waits for the opening of their trial. She has made all documents relating to her case in her public blog on the website savedaughters19.wordpress.com. “So anyone can go, if I am murdered,” Khurana said today.
Gradually, the media discovered the issue – but less in India than abroad.Even the American talk show queen Oprah Winfrey was in January with a ten-member television crew until after midnight in Khuranas apartment in Delhi. Thus, their action in the world now allows insights into a world of terror sex murder that does not arise from misery and poverty – but in the middle of the growth centers of the world economy, in large cities in China and India. The leaders usually come from the new middle classes, who enrich themselves in globalization. The motives are materialistic. They want a modern, three-headed nuclear family. With son, because the more expected.
“The motives for the murder of the unborn daughter come from a very contemporary setting – you want big weddings, gifts and a great son proud, but not economically useless daughter,” says Shanta Sinha, Chairperson of the National Commission for Child Rights in India. . “It is a brutalization of the individual attitude to human life, as they produce only the modernization was” The girl killing – also known as “Genderzid” or “Femicide called” – was not a cruel, patriarchal cultural heritage, but a consequence of the moral decay in a consumer society. The inhuman thinking has set up in the parlors.For example, in the wealthy family of doctors from Khuranas husband.
Only in India and China were not 85 million girls born
The demographics expert Christopher Guilmoto from the Paris Institute of Research for Development (IRD) has calculated that selective abortions and infanticide in Asia alone would have cost 117 million women’s lives. A UN report from 2010 makes China and India alone prevented responsible for 85 million women’s lives, in the local economic boom. Indian and Chinese researchers acknowledge when they have long been silent, this development now own one. The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences was calculated that would be missing in China in 2020 30 to 40 million women aged 10 to 29 years. Indian researchers removed the censuses of the past 20 years that have been killed in India up to twelve million unborn girls 1991-2011 by selective abortion.
This knowledge has led so far, but neither China nor India and the West to a scream. “Through our girls swept a deadly tsunami, we are experiencing an ethical collapse of our society, but no one gets upset,” says Commission Chairman Sinha. It is therefore demanding more criticism, and international.
As a result threatens the opinion of some experts in this century, the largest gender imbalance in human history. Demographics researcher Christopher Guilmoto speaks of an alarming masculinization of the world. Because it is missing the long term to women’s labor force, the economist Jayati Ghosh looks of the Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi threatened the growth in the most dynamic economies in the world in Asia. Sociologists in the women lack even a future cause of social violence and war – Men Plus and capital accumulation increased militarization could result.
Previously it was thought that economic progress and broader educational societies would drive out the violence. They brought old, patriarchal societies like those in southern China and northern India as examples of the oppression of women and daughters to. Western media reports of violence against women as exotic excesses. Violence, then this impression is gained, the other always committed. But this violence is taking place in the middle of the Asian society. She is progressing with modernization. In China, the proportion of women in the past 20 years has fallen dramatically nationwide and especially in the prosperous coastal regions. A major reason is the still officially valid one-child policy . India is the same trend with a delay of ten years. Since the turn of the millennium, the women’s disappearance is spreading in the rich south, from the big cities and even in liberal Kerala. For the economist Ghosh increased while the high proportion of low-paid home-based workers in India, the contempt of the female sex. You sew pull laces into shoes or turn cigarettes, but as breadwinners are no social recognition.
Ironically, the modern, fast growing Delhi is a stronghold of the killing of unborn girls. Here at last only 860 girls per 1,000 boys were born.
No one wants to talk about it in the capital. Gynecologists, social workers, health officials and women’s groups – all tell from conversations. Two weeks looking Khurana and their NGO counterparts are frantically for TIME. then found in the Delhi suburb Dairy Bhalswa the 80 year old midwife Sumitra Arora. Her little pink brick house is situated between an eight-lane arterial road, and one of the biggest rubbish mountains Delhi. “This used to be a big hole in the garbage,” says Arora. She says this is not ironic. Because almost all of their neighbors living on the garbage processing, and not bad.Previously they had mud huts, colorful brick houses today, which run in refrigerators and televisions. Previously they had their children with Arora’s help at home, the women now go to the birth hospital. “I even send them there today,” says Arora.
The old midwife knows the inner life of the pregnant women. Then as now, says Arora, not a pregnant woman wants an abortion, whether she wears a boy or a girl in it. But the pressure is increased. All “a boy ask for,” says Arora.
Earlier, Arora told that she had a hand touches the fetus, and from the third month it was unable to even determine with certainty the sex. She never did wrong location. And you know a secret remained below two women: if there was a girl, she comforted the woman, she had to give it another try later. In most cases, this worked was no question of abortion. But three things the situation of pregnant women have changed: the ultrasound machine, the calculation of the nuclear family and the abortion pill.
Today it is no longer a secret to the sex of the child. The man forced the mother to the ultrasound examination. And if it’s a girl, the mother can not say that lightly: Then we try again later. After all, they want only one or at most two children. Earlier had a daughter because of the higher modulation, an additional load, and today are also more school and education costs for them. Moreover, in addition to the family wants children and a new car.Therefore, there must be fewer children – and at least one son has a son and heir ago.
Arora is striking that religious faith plays in family decisions do not matter anymore. For the Muslims in their neighborhood children used to be God’s gifts. Today, they drive off like everyone else. Arora pilgrimage for the Hindus before the fertility goddess Devi Vaishna to Kashmir. The Goddess is a woman and protecting the girls. But Vaishna of Devi, the young women today want to hear any more. “They no longer believe in” to the gods, says Arora.
Instead, they believe in the abortion pill. It costs the equivalent in Delhi between five and eight euros. “No woman is afraid of her,” says Arora. You take the pill even if it is loud recipe for far too late for them. Begin if then after taking the bleeding that women go to the hospital. Where does the scraping of the uterine equivalent of 40 to 60 euros.
Arora hobbling through the streets next to the garbage dump and leads to a family in which she gave birth to three children: two girls first, then a boy.The old midwife is close friends with the mother. One senses that the two women share a secret. They have done it by home birth, against all external constraints, two girls to give birth, the eldest of whom is sitting now on the bed of the mother and eager to learn writing. For a moment, mother and midwife with the reporter alone in a well-furnished rooms with many electrical appliances. As the mother says quickly: “The third girl, I would not make it. The pressure was just too big. Thank God it was really a boy.Otherwise I would also have to abort. “She speaks as a matter of course.
Few dare to fight the sex murder outright. But no one else has done this in India as effective as Deepak Dahiya, former director of the State Health Department Haryana. Haryana is one of those very patriarchal states of northern India, where the proportion of women has always been low. When the Indian government in 1996 enacted a new law that made the sex determination of fetuses with heavy prison sentences, Dahiya was head of the Health Department responsible for the now illegal ultrasound scans to detect and display in court. Dahiya did his job. He put together an investigative team, and sent his men with hidden cameras and microphones into the practices of gynecologists. Between 2001 and 2005 he brought in Haryana, 30 doctors in court. 20 of them were sentenced to several years imprisonment.
From the first advertisement in 2001 to the first conviction of a doctor in 2006 accompanied the national press campaign Dahiyas with numerous cover stories. His name was known throughout the country. Suddenly, the female births in Haryana went up again. But then Dahiya retired 2005thToday he sits in the dental office of his son in the suburb of Gurgaon and Nobel Delhier notes frustrated: “I had no successor. The genocide of the girls goes on undisturbed. “Since his cases in Haryana has been sentenced in India hardly a doctor for sexual mood heritage more to prison.
New ultrasound technology easier for doctors her deadly business
But for doctors in India and China have long been an abortion business, which flushes them every year hundreds of millions of dollars into the coffers. The technology makes them the business easily. General Electric and Siemens have developed in recent years in China and India, new ultrasound machines, which cost only a fraction of the price of the equipment manufactured in the West. They sell by the thousands. New models can be powered by solar energy mobile, so even in the remotest village.
The major policy glosses over the massive destruction of female fetuses so far consistently. Fund the United Nations Conference on the topic, then as recently in the remote Vietnam. In Europe, a lonely Swiss MP makes € in Europe for the cause greatly. Her name is Doris Stump and has found that percentage in the European countries, Armenia, Albania, Azerbaijan and Georgia, like many women missing in India and China. She warns of the consequences: women trafficking, more prostitution, more violence in families.
But hardly anyone is listening. Western politicians are constantly traveling to India and China especially in Beijing and speak with a raised index finger on the safeguarding of human rights. But no one has dared to report the murder millions of families in these countries.
One reason is that the rulers in Delhi and Beijing do so as they would do the right thing. Both governments have decided in the last decade of educational programs. They have created laws that ban the sexes murder and threatening doctors for sexual mood heritage high sentences. However, everything has availed little. Mainly due to the lack of political will. In Beijing, the National Planning Commission for Family and Population is responsible. Its leader, Li Bin promised recently, in the next five-year plan for a greater gender balance must be provided. This is the usual. One problem is scheduled.
But Beijing’s Politburo is also different. The AIDS education took Premier Wen Jiabao once into their own hands, visited the sick and infected. This had an immediate widespread impact. Nothing like that had done the Politburo bosses so far for the unborn girls in the country.
Similarly behaves the government in Delhi. It was enough for a speech by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2008 in which it argued that the sex selection for “national disgrace”. But the talk fizzled out without consequence, and the topic is playing at Cabinet level, since no role. In reality, neither the Communists nor the Democrats believe in Beijing in Delhi approached quite to the subject. That would not be popular. You would have to be in everyone’s family planning and interfere destroying dreams of home, car and son.
The more difficult it is Aarti Devi, a social worker in the district Delhier Dakshippuri, a member of the Communist Party of India is. She stands in front of a women’s self help group, which is funded by a non-governmental organization assisting women and in pregnancy. Every day the women of the neighborhood meet at noon in a tiny, windowless room. You can exchange information about who was yesterday at the gynecologist and perhaps now needs help. When a woman recently gave birth to her fifth girl in the neighborhood, the group organized a big birthday celebration. “Even the husband came to the festival and was carrying his daughter in his arms. That was “a great success, says Devi.
This describes the situation involuntarily: Success is even if the father takes his newborn daughter in his arms.